Beer Typology: Irish-Style Dry Stout

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Irish-Style Dry Stout

dry-stout Irish-style or Dry Stout is Guinness, or at least originally was. Guinness didn’t start out making only stout, but started out making ales, introducing a dark porter in 1778. It wasn’t until the 1840s that they began referring to their beer as stouts. Other breweries, of course, capitalized on their success, and brewed their own versions, creating the style. The first time I had a Guinness was in a jazz club in the Village, when I was stationed in New York City with an Army Band in the late 1970s.

What follows is information about Irish-style dry stout, collected from a variety of sources. If you know of any additional resources about this type of beer, please let me know.

History

The style evolved from attempts to capitalize on the success of London porters, but originally reflected a fuller, creamier, more “stout” body and strength. Guinness began brewing only porter in 1799, and a “stouter kind of porter” around 1810. Irish stout diverged from London single stout (or simply porter) in the late 1800s, with an emphasis on darker malts. Guinness was among the first breweries to use black patent malt for porters and stouts in the 1820s. Guinness began using roasted barley after WWII, while London brewers continued to use brown malt. Guinness started using flaked barley in the 1950s, also increasing attenuation greatly. Guinness Draught was launched as a brand in 1959. Draught cans and bottles were developed in the late 1980s and 1990s.(BJCP1)

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Origin: unitedkingdom

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A Comparison of Style Ranges

Source SRM ABV O.G. F.G. IBU
BJCP1 (15B) Irish 30-40 3.8-5% 1.036-1.044 1.007-1.011 25-45
Brewery DB 20-30 6.3-7.5% Varies 1.008-1.012 30-40
GABF2 (84) Classic Irish-Style Dry 40+ 4.1-5.3% 1.038-1.048 1.008-1.012 30-40
Periodic Table7 (21) 40+ 3.2-5.5% 1.035-1.050 1.008-1.014 30-50
WBC6 (83) Classic Irish-Style Dry 40+ 4.1-5.3% 1.038-1.1048 1.008-1.012 30-40

Yeast

 Ale
 Hybrid
 Lager
 Belgian
 Brettanomyces
 Lactobacillus
 Pediococcus
 Other

BJCP Description: 15B. Irish Stout1

Overall Impression: A black beer with a pronounced roasted flavor, often similar to coffee. The balance can range from fairly even to quite bitter, with the more balanced versions having a little malty sweetness and the bitter versions being quite dry. Draught versions typically are creamy from a nitro pour, but bottled versions will not have this dispense derived character. The roasted flavor can be dry and coffee-like
to somewhat chocolaty.

Aroma: Moderate coffee-like aroma typically dominates; may have slight dark chocolate, cocoa and/or roasted grain secondary notes. Esters medium-low to none. Hop aroma low to none, may be lightly earthy or floral, but is typically absent.

Color Range

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Appearance: Jet black to very deep brown with garnet highlights in color. According to Guinness, “Guinness beer may appear black, but it is actually a very dark shade of ruby.” Opaque. A thick, creamy, long-lasting, tan- to brown-colored head is characteristic when served on nitro, but don’t expect the tight, creamy head on a bottled beer.

Flavor: Moderate roasted grain or malt flavor with a medium to high hop bitterness. The finish can be dry and coffee-like to moderately balanced with a touch of caramel or malty sweetness. Typically has coffee-like flavors, but also may have a bittersweet or unsweetened chocolate character in the palate, lasting into the finish. Balancing factors may include some creaminess, medium-low to no fruitiness, and medium to no
hop flavor (often earthy). The level of bitterness is somewhat variable, as is the roasted character and the dryness of the finish; allow for interpretation by brewers.

Mouthfeel: Medium-light to medium-full body, with a somewhat creamy character (particularly when served with a nitro pour). Low to moderate carbonation. For the high hop bitterness and significant proportion of dark grains present, this beer is remarkably smooth. May have a light astringency from the roasted grains, although harshness is undesirable.

Comments: When a brewery offered a stout and a porter, the stout was always the stronger beer (it was originally called a “Stout Porter”). Modern versions are brewed from a lower OG and no longer necessarily reflect a higher strength than porters. This is typically a draught product today; bottled versions are typically brewed from a higher OG and are usually called Extra Stouts. Regional differences exist in Ireland, similar to variability in English Bitters. Dublin-type stouts use roasted barley, are more bitter, and are drier. Cork-type stouts are sweeter, less bitter, and have flavors from chocolate and specialty malts. Commercial examples of this style are almost always associated with a nitro pour. Do not expect traditional bottle-conditioned beers to have the full, creamy texture or very long-lasting head traditionally associated with nitrogen dispense.

Characteristic Ingredients: Guinness is made using roasted barley, flaked barley, and pale malt, but other breweries don’t necessarily use roasted barley; they can use chocolate or other dark and specialty malts. Whatever combination of malts or grains is used, the resulting product should be black. Cork-type stouts are perhaps closer to historical London-type stouts in composition with a varied grist not dominated by roasted barley.

Style Comparison: Lower strength than an Irish Extra Stout, but with similar flavors. Darker in color (black) than an English porter (brown).

CraftBeer.com Description

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dry-stout-3

GABF/World Beer Cup Description

83. Classic Irish-Style Dry Stout
Irish Dry Stouts are black. Head retention and rich character should be part of its visual character. The emphasis of coffee-like roasted barley and a moderate degree of roasted malt aromas define much of the character. Hop aroma is European type at low levels or not perceived. Dry stouts achieve a dry-roasted character through the use of roasted barley. Initial malt and light caramel flavor profile give way to a distinctive dry-roasted bitterness in the finish. Emphasis of coffee-like roasted barley and a moderate degree of roasted malt flavors define much of the character. Hop flavor is European type at low levels or not perceived. Hop bitterness is perceived as medium to medium high. Fruity esters are minimal and overshadowed by malt, high hop bitterness and roasted barley character. Diacetyl should not be perceived to very low. Slight acidity may be perceived but not necessary. Body is medium-light to medium.

Online Descriptions

Beer Advocate
One of the most common stouts, Dry Irish Stout tend to have light-ish bodies to keep them on the highly drinkable side. They’re usually a lower carbonation brew and served on a nitro system for that creamy, masking effect. Bitterness comes from both roasted barley and a generous dose of hops, though the roasted character will be more noticeable. Examples of the style are, of course, the big three, Murphy’s, Beamish, and Guinness, however there are many American brewed Dry Stouts that are comparable, if not better.
Rate Beer
The “Irish-style” stout is typically a low-gravity stout with bitterness ranging between 30-45 IBUs. Roastiness is present, but restrained, and there should not be hops in either the flavor or aroma. A little bit of acidity can be present. Often, this type of stout is serving via nitrogen, with all the effects that has on a beer – low carbonation, extra-thick head, lifeless palate and muted flavor and aroma.

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Glassware

pint-glass becker-pint nonic-pint tumbler seidel stein-ceramic
Pint Glass (or Becker, Nonic, Tumbler), Mug (or Seidel, Stein)3
Nonic Pint5

Food Pairing

bbq latin-america-flag chocolate steak_meat
prosciutto ham chili crab enchiladas Fajitas lamb jambalaya kebab lobster nachos oysters salami
Cuisine (Barbecue, Latin American) General (Chocolate) Meat (Smoked Meat, Grilled Meat)3
Aged Ham (prosciutto, Serrano, Bayonne), Baked Ham, Chili (con carne or Texas-style), Chili Relleno, Crab, Enchiladas (in general), Fajitas, Grilled Lamb, Jambalaya, Kebabs (meat), Lobster, Nachos, Oysters, Salami, Shepherd’s Pie, Shrimp 4
Seafood (Oysters), Ham, Irish Cheddar, Chocolate Desserts5

Seasonality & Temperature

Season:
season-winter
Winter
Serving:
temp-45-50
45-50° F
Storage:
temp-40-45
40-45° F*
Beer 101:
Beer101-irish-dry-stout
Irish Dry Stout

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Links About Dry Stout

Further Reading

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Commercial Examples of Dry Stout

Beamish Irish Stout, Guinness Draught, Harpoon Boston Irish Stout, Murphy’s Irish Stout, O’Hara’s Irish Stout, Porterhouse Wrasslers 4X1
Third Street Aleworks Blarney Sisters Dry Irish Stout, Pizza Port Brewing Seaside Stout, Russian River O.V.L. Stout5

Beamish-Stout murphys-coaster

Top 10 Examples

Beer Advocate

  1. Bar Harbor Cadillac Mountain Stout
  2. Great Lakes Wolfhound Stout
  3. 3 Floyds Black Sun Stout
  4. Portsmouth Black Cat Stout
  5. Crannóg Back Hand Of God Stout
  6. Cigar City Hillsborough River Dry Irish Stout (Patio Tools)
  7. Central City Red Racer Gingerhead Gingerbread Stout
  8. Otto’s Black Mo Dry Stout
  9. O’Hara’s Leann Folláin (Carlow Brewing)
  10. Selin’s Grove Snake Drive Stout

Oharas-stout

Rate Beer

  1. The Kernel Dry Stout Citra
  2. Cigar City Patio Tools Dry Irish Stout
  3. Kopyra & Widawa Kruk
  4. Great Lakes Wolfhound Stout
  5. Le Naufrageur Saint-Barnabé
  6. Widawa Liberty Stout
  7. Kopyra & Widawa Kawka Coffee Stout
  8. Wig & Pen Velvet Cream Stout
  9. The Kernel Dry Stout Mosaic
  10. Browar Brodacz Afro

IrishStout

Key to Sources

1 = BJCP 2015
2 = GABF 2015
3 = Beer Advocate
4 = Garrett Oliver’s Brewmaster’s Table
5 = Brewers Association / CraftBeer.com
6 = World Beer Cup Guidelines 2016
7 = The Periodic Table of Beer Styles 2001
8 = GotBeer.com

Key

* = Not recommended for extended aging, unless ABV exceeds average range