Patent No. 642548A: Bottle-Filling Machine

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Today in 1900, US Patent 642548 A was issued, an invention of Thomas Howard, for his “Bottle-Filling Machine.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

My invention relates to machines for filling bottles with beer or other liquids and is designed to provide certain improvements in the construction of the same whereby the bottles may be fed to and removed from the filling devices from either side, the bottle-necks automatically sealed, except vas to the supply tubes and vent-pipes, when the bottles are in the filling position, the supply of liquid to the bottles automatically turned on and automatically cut off when the mouths of the filling tubes are reached, and the surplus liquid in the filling-tubes and vent-pipes automatically fed into the bottles as the latter are being removed from the filling-tubes.

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Patent No. D631360S1: Beer Bottle

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Today in 2011, US Patent D631360 S1 was issued, an invention of Sven van Westreenen, assigned to Koninklijke Grolsch N.V., for his “Beer Bottle.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description is simply “the ornamental design for a beer bottle, as shown and described, although it also includes this explanation of the drawings:

The broken lines showing of the bottom raised ridges are for illustrative purposes only and form no part of the claimed design.

The slanted shading shown on the bottle represents a translucent surface.

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Patent No. 981768A: Jetting Attachment For Bottle-Fillers

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Today in 1911, US Patent 981768 A was issued, an invention of Alvin N. Ketterer, for his “Jetting Attachment For Bottle-Fillers.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

My invention relates to improvements in jetting attachments which are designed to control and direct jets of beer into bottles, one at a time in succession; the objects of which are to provide an attachment of this class, which can readily be attached to the discharge chute of beer bottle fillers now. Further objects are to so construct a jetting device that the same shall be extremely. simple, substantial and durable, and not liable to get out of order, be extremely cheap in cost of manufacture, and require but little attention or care.

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Patent No. 3071403A: Crowned Bottle Rejection Pin For Bottle Pick Up Apparatus

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Today in 1963, US Patent 3071403A was issued, an invention of William J. Hohenstein and Helmut W. Preu, assigned to Schaefer Brewing Co., for their “Crowned Bottle Rejection Pin For Bottle Pick Up Apparatus.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

The present invention relates to a crowned bottle rejection pin for use on apparatus which picks up empty bottles for moving them from place to place.

A conventional apparatus for removing empty bottles, such as beer bottles or the like, from cases for transferring them to a conveyer for movement into a washing machine, has a plurality of heads thereon which have an expandable rubber sleeve within them. The heads are connected to a source of compressed air so that when the heads are lowered over the tops of the bottles in a case of empty bottles, the compressed air is fed to the heads and it expands the rubber sleeves around the tops of the bottles. The apparatus is then operated to lift the empty bottles from the case or the like and move them to a conveyer.

It often occurs, however, that caps or crowns will be placed on the tops of the bottles after they are empty, and when the heads on the bottle removing apparatus move down around the tops of the empty bottles, they will pick up the crown as well as the empty bottle and transport it to the conveyer to the washing machine. The crown will remain on the bottle in the washing machine and prevent a brush spindle which cleans the inside of the bottle as well as the rinsing tube from entering the bottle. This malfunction results in the spindles and rinse tubes being bent out of shape, requiring a thirty to fifty minute shutdown of the machine to replace the bent parts.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a pin which can be placed within the heads on the bottle removing apparatus which will prevent the head from picking up an empty bottle which has a crown thereon, yet which will not prevent the head from picking up a bottle without such a crown thereon.

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Patent No. D152196S: Design For A Combination Key Holder & Bottle Opener

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Today in 1948, US Patent D152196 S was issued, an invention of Arthur R. Glidden, for his “Design For a Combination Key Holder and Bottle Opener.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

I have invented a new, original, and ornamental Design for a Combination Key Holder and Bottle Opener, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, forming a part thereof.

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Patent No. 3225510A: Article Cartoning Machine

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Today in 1965, US Patent 3225510 A was issued, an invention of Robert J. Weichhand and Wickliffe Jones, for their “Article Cartoning Machine.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

This invention relates to article packaging and more particularly to a machine for packing beer bottles in conventional six-pack or eight-pack cartons.

More specifically, the machine of this invention is intended for packaging beer bottles in cartons which are formed of paperboard material and which are furnished in a fiat collapsed condition. The collapsed cartons are loaded in stacked formation into a magazine, which includes mechanism for withdrawing the collapsed cartons individually from the lower portion of the magazine subsequently to be erected and loaded. In order to obtain the high loading rate, as indicated above, the bottles, which are fed in a continuous stream, are segregated into groups and the groups advanced into the erected carton from opposite ends. After being loaded with the bottles, liquid adhesive is applied to the flaps of the cartons, then the flaps are folded to a closed position and sealed before the loaded cartons are discharged from the machine.

To perfect a cartoning machine which will handle 600 to 1,200 or more bottles per minute and package them in an automatic manner, the bottles must flow in a substantially straight line continuous movement without any stopping or starting. At the rate of movement of this machine, the inertia of stopping the bottle and starting it again or of jerky acceleration and deceleration would break the bottle or at least scar and tear the paper label. It has thus been an object of this invention to provide a bottle cartoning machine which utilizes smooth acceleration and deceleration substantially straight line continuous flow of the bottles to be packaged and which eliminates abrupt impact reciprocating or oscillating elements which might break the bottle or at least scar the labels upon the bottles. It should be understood that while this machine has been described with reference to packaging bottles, it is equally adaptable to packaging other articles. Of course a machine operable to handle fragile glass is capable of handling metal containers such as beer cans.

The machine includes a series of continuous motion conveyor systems for advancing and erecting cartons after they have been withdrawn individually from the magazine. Thus, the first conveyor apparatus receives the carton blank as it is withdrawn from the bottom of the magazine and includes means for handling the flaps which project outwardly from the opposite open ends of the advancing blank. A first stage conveyor apparatus advances the blank toward a main carton transport conveyor and concurrently partially erects the carton. The partially erected carton is then transferred to a main carton conveyor and during transfer is completely erected by con- Patented Dec. 28, 1965 ice tinuously advancing spacer lugs on the main carton transport conveyor. These lugs coact with the first stage conveyor apparatus to completely erect the carton. The spacer lugs of the main carton conveyor confine the carton firmly in its erected condition and advance it toward the bottle loading zone with the several carton flaps extending outwardly to an open position to avoid any interference of the bottles as they are advanced into the open end of the erected carton.

As the erected carton advances to the loading zone, six cans (or eight cans in the case of an eight-pack) are fed laterally from a pair of parallel bottle conveyors into the opposite ends of the carton by stationary converging guide rails. The bottles are segregated into groups of three each (or four in the case of an eight-pack) and fed into the carton. The segregating mechanism consists of restraining fingers which enter in front of every third bottle. These restraining fingers move at a slower rate than the bottle conveyors so that the restraining fingers slow the movement of the bottles. The down stream finger then releases a group of three which move away from the finger or move downstream at a rate determined by the bottle conveyor which is moving faster than the restrained bottles. As soon as the group of three bottles have moved downstream so as to establish a gap between the restrained bottles and the unrestrained ones, spacer fingers enter the gap so as to maintain the spacing between the now grouped bottles. Guide rails then force the group of bottles across a continuously moving bucket conveyor which maintains the spacing of the groups and into the open sides of the cartons. After the bottles are loaded into the carton, liquid adhesive is supplied to the flaps and the flaps are folded to a closed position and sealed as the carton advances toward the discharge end of the machine.

A further objective of the invention has been to provide an improved segregating mechanism for forming articles into groups while advancing the articles toward a packaging zone where the segregated groups are fed transversely into the open end of an advancing carton.

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Patent No. 2140187A: Bottle Filling And Gassing Machine

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Today in 1938, US Patent 2140187 A was issued, an invention of James Kantor, assigned to the Liquid Carbonic Corp., for his “Bottle Filling and Gassing Machine.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

My invention relates to improvements in bottle filling machines particularly adapted for filling bottles with beer, and to a method of filling bottles with beer.

It ha been found that air has a decidedly deteriorating effect on beer and it has been found that where beer has been bottled and the content of air in the bottles is comparatively large, that after storage for a short period the bottled beer not only deteriorates as to color but as to the taste.

As a matter of fact, in the bottling of beer, if the air content of the bottle, after it has-been crowned, is greater than two per cent, the deteriorating effect is decidedly noticeable.

It is one of the objects of my invention to provide a machine and method for filling bottles with beer and to fill the same in such a manner that the air content of the bottle after crowning is reduced to the In the apparatus and in the method in which I am able to fill the bottles, I am enabled to deliver filled and crowned bottles with approximately not more than four-tenths of one per cent of air.

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Patent No. 530600A: Apparatus For Bottling Beer

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Today in 1894, US Patent 530600 A was issued, an invention of Valentin Oppl, for his “Apparatus For Bottling Beer.” There’s no Abstract, although in the description it includes this summary:

My invention relates to an apparatus for bottling beer, and the invention consists in the construction of apparatus substantially as shown and described and particularly pointed out in the claims

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Patent No. 6659298B2: Polyester Beer Bottle

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Today in 2003, US Patent 6659298 B2 was issued, another invention of Chio Fai Wong, for his “Polyester Beer Bottle.” Here’s the Abstract:

A polyester beer bottle comprising a bottleneck, a body and a bottom of the bottle, which are once blown and shaped with polyester blank, in which arc portion in a vertical section extended from the joint of shaped bottom and body of the bottle to a plane of the bottom has a radius ranging over 15-25 mm; an arc radius in a vertical section of the concave quaquversal portion projecting inwards at a bottom surface of said bottle is in a range of 20-35 mm, and the distance between a top of the concave quaquversal portion to the plane of bottom is in a range of 7-15 mm; an outward projecting support flange portion is formed at the joint between said concave quaquversal portion and the bottom plane of the bottle, a height of the flange portion is in a range of 0.1-5 mm; and a side-face of the bottle is connected to said concave quaquversal portion at the bottom of the bottle via the transition arc portions respectively having different radius, in which the radius of first transition arc is in a range of 3-8 mm, and the second transition arc radius is in a range of 0.5-2 mm. The ratio between the maximum outer diameter of the bottom of the bottle and the diameter of the flange portion on said bottom plane of the bottle is in a range of 1.2-1.7.

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