Historic Beer Birthday: Paul Kalmanovitz

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Today is the birthday of Paul Kalmanovitz (December 27, 1905-January 17, 1987). Kalmanovitz was born in Łódź, Poland, but came to America with his family before World War I. He “was a millionaire brewing and real estate magnate best known for owning all or part of several national breweries and their products, including Falstaff Brewing Company and Pabst Brewing Company.”

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Here’s a short biography from Find-a-Grave:

Businessman. He founded the S&P Corporation of California and was the man who built the General Brewing Company of San Francisco. He owned all or part of several national breweries and their products, including Falstaff and Pabst Blue Ribbon. At his death the $1.2 billion fortune of beer and real estate went to form a charitable foundation to fund universities and hospitals with the S&P Corporation being the holding company. The S&P Corporation is still in operational control of many breweries across the nation to this day.

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Here’s a fuller biography, from Wikipedia:

Kalmanovitz was born in Łódź, Poland. His family emigrated to Egypt at the end of the World War I and he later worked for Sir Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby. Kalmanowitz arrived in the United States in the 1926 by jumping a merchant marine ship and jumped from job to job, working for several notable people such as Franklin D. Roosevelt, William Randolph Hearst, and Louis B. Mayer (MGM).

In 1950 Kalmanovitz acquired the Maier Brewing Company in Los Angeles, California and officially entered the brewing industry. Maier Brewing, makers of Brew 102, struggled for a number of years, and in 1958 faced a strong push to be bought out by the Falstaff Brewing Company. Kalmanovitz refused to be bought out, even after being threatened by Falstaff to either sell or Falstaff would bury the Maier Brewery. Within a few years Kalmanovitz turned the Maier Brewery around and began making a profit. Along with the brewery and numerous other investments, Kalmanovitz’s net worth began to swell. In 1970 Kalmanovitz purchased Lucky Lager and merged it with his Maier Brewing Company to form the General Brewing Company with S&P Corporation as its parent.

By 1974 Falstaff had fallen on hard times and was in need of cash. Falstaff’s purchase of the Ballantine brands in 1972 had proven to be a major mistake and stretched the company a little too thin. Falstaff sold Kalmanovitz its San Francisco brewery. The cash couldn’t save Falstaff, and in 1975 the company was once again in trouble. Kalmanovitz offered to inject $20 million into Falstaff for 100,000 shares of preferred stock. On 28 April 1975, Paul Kalmanovitz gained the controlling interest in the Falstaff Brewing Company. Kalmanovitz more than quadrupled his brewery interests and became a major force on the American beer market.

With the purchase of Falstaff, Kalmanovitz moved the Falstaff headquarters from St Louis, Missouri to San Francisco to combine it with General Brewing Company’s headquarters. By June, more than 175 of Falstaff’s corporate employees were laid off. The United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) opened an investigation of the Falstaff purchase, and found it provided shareholders with false and misleading information. Kalmanovitz was prohibited from committing further securities laws violations and Falstaff stock was barred from trading and removed from the New York Stock Exchange. Falstaff appealed all the way to the US Supreme Court and lost. Falstaff workers unhappy with the new direction of the company staged a company lockout, which Kalmanovitz and General Brewing called a strike.

Eventually things settled down with Falstaff and production resumed. Kalmanovitz’s plans to make a profit off Falstaff were not to turn the company around and reestablish its brand strength in the market, but rather to cut costs drastically throughout. The biggest change was the advertising budget where Kalmanovitz eliminated all types of marketing. Falstaff’s market share continued to slide, resulting in plants closing and employees out of work. Falstaff was profitable for the S&P Corporation, but at a cost to works and the communities around the breweries. Kalmanovitz acquired an ailing brewery, fired the corporate personnel, reduced budgets, sold off equipment, stopped plant maintenance, and eliminated product quality control. Kalmanovitz established a standard with Falstaff that was repeated as he purchased Stroh’s, National Bohemian, Olympia, Pearl, and Pabst.

Breweries were not Kalmanovitz’s only interests, he was also involved in helping Guide Dogs for the Blind and several other charitable organizations. Upon his death, Kalmanovitz’s net worth was said to be in excess of $250 million. A sizable portion of his wealth was donated to numerous California hospitals. In addition, his estate also donated the money for the Paul and Lydia Kalmanovitz Library at the University of California, San Francisco, Kalmanovitz Hall at the University of San Francisco, and the Paul and Lydia Kalmanovitz Appellate Courtroom at the University of California, Davis School of Law (King Hall).

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Beer In Ads #1820: Kosciusko — “The Greatest Of The Poles”


Saturday’s ad is for Budweiser, from 1914, No. 3 in another series they did in 1914-15 called the “National Heroes Series.” The third one features Tadeusz Kościuszko, who “was a Polish-Lithuanian military engineer and a military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, and the United States. He fought in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth’s struggles against Russia and Prussia, and on the American side in the American Revolutionary War. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising.”

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Poland Beer

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Today in 1918, Poland proclaimed themselves a Republic.

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Poland Breweries

Poland Brewery Guides

Other Guides

Guild: The Union of Brewing Industry Employers in Poland / Polish Brewers

National Regulatory Agency: Agricultural Market Agency (Agencja Rynku Rolnego)

Beverage Alcohol Labeling Requirements: Poland follows EU Regulations

Drunk Driving Laws: BAC % Varies Note: 0.02% (driving license banned from six months up to three years, prison up to one month), 0.05% (driving license banned from 1 year to 10 years, prison up to two years). Limits and penalties for riding the bicycles are same as for motorized vehicles. Almost half of people imprisoned for drunk driving were riding bicycles.

Poland

  • Full Name: Republic of Poland
  • Location: Central Europe, east of Germany
  • Government Type: Republic
  • Language: Polish (official) 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2%
  • Religion(s): Roman Catholic 89.8% [about 75% practicing], Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3%
  • Capital: Warsaw (Warszawa)
  • Population: 38,415,284; 33rd
  • Area: 312,685 sq km, 70th
  • Comparative Area: Slightly smaller than New Mexico
  • National Food: Bigos; Pierogi; Kotlet schabowy; Żurek
  • National Symbols: White Eagle; corn poppy; Alder; the old Castle; Vistula River
  • Affiliations: UN, EU, NATO
  • Independence: Republic proclaimed, November 11, 1918 / Notable earlier dates: The adoption of Christianity, traditional founding date, A.D. 966 / Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created, July 1, 1569

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  • Alcohol Legal: Yes
  • Minimum Drinking Age: None (to drink); 18 (to buy) [Note: Section 15.1 Clearly states that buyers must be at least 18 and prove it with ID if they look like they may not be at least that age. According to the International Center for Alcohol Policies, as of February 2007, the minimum age for alcohol consumption is 18 years of age.]
  • BAC: 0.02%
  • Number of Breweries: 68

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  • How to Say “Beer”: piwo
  • How to Order a Beer: Yed-no peev, proshe
  • How to Say “Cheers”: Na zdrowie / Vivat
  • Toasting Etiquette: Expect frequent toasting throughout the meal. The host offers the first toast. Do not begin drinking until your host has proposed a toast to everyone at the table. If your host stands when proposing a toast, so should you. Toasts are only made with hard liquor (generally vodka). You should reciprocate with your own toast later in the meal. If you propose a toast it is important to maintain eye contact. You may also toast your hosts or the success of the business venture. The most common toast being “Na zdrowia!” (pronounced nah ZDRO-vee-ah, meaning “To your health!”). Alcohol is served in small glasses so you can swallow in one gulp.

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Alcohol Consumption By Type:

  • Beer: 56%
  • Wine: 13%
  • Spirits: 31%

Alcohol Consumption Per Capita (in litres):

  • Recorded: 9.55
  • Unrecorded: 3.70
  • Total: 13.25
  • Beer: 4.72

WHO Alcohol Data:

  • Per Capita Consumption: 9.6 litres
  • Alcohol Consumption Trend: Increase
  • Excise Taxes: Yes
  • Minimum Age: 18
  • Sales Restrictions: Places, intoxicated persons
  • Advertising Restrictions: Yes
  • Sponsorship/Promotional Restrictions: Yes

Patterns of Drinking Score: 3

Prohibition: None

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