Beer Birthday: Shaun Hill

Today is the 38th birthday of Shaun Hill, who founded the Hill Farmstead Brewery. After learning to homebrew, he took a job at a local brewpub, the Shed, and eventually became its brewer. After a stint brewing in Copenhagen at Nørrebro Bryghus, he returned to his hometown of Greensboro, Vermont and founded his brewery in 2010. His brewery and beers have gone on to win many accolades. Certainly, the ones I”ve tried have been terrific. I first met Shaun when he was visiting Russian River Brewing a couple of years ago and again at the last two Rate Beer Best events here in Sonoma County, and it’s been great fun getting to know him a little bit. Join me in wishing Shaun a very happy birthday.

At this year’s Rate Beer Best Awards dinner.

At Rate Beer Best’s first beer festival in 2016.

Beer Birthday: Steve Parkes

Today is the 57th birthday of Steve Parkes. Steve owns and runs the American Brewers Guild, which trains brewers. I’ve known Steve for a number of years now and he’s one of my favorite Brits in the industry. I had the pleasure of writing a profile of him for Beer Advocate magazine a few years ago, from which I learned the following. Steve studied brewing sciences at Heriot-Wyatt University in Edinburgh and worked at several small UK breweries before moving to Maryland to open British Brewing (later known as Oxford Brewing). He then moved to California and created Red Nectar for Humboldt Brewing, which is also where he caught the teaching bug. Eventually buying the ABG school in 1999, several years ago making the leap to running the school full-time. In 2009, Steve was awarded the Russell Schehrer Award for Innovation in Brewing by the Brewers Association at CBC in Boston. Steve said at the time. “It’s gratifying when someone notices what you’re been doing every day. It just feels tremendous, like standing on the shoulder of giants. The willingness to share is the best part of this industry. I love being part of a working community that thinks like that. It makes you a better person.” Join me in wishing Steve a very happy birthday.

Pete Brown and Steve Parkes
Pete Brown and Steve at the GBBF in 2009.

Steve at Cantillon in Brussels.

Enjoying a Rodenbach.

Words fail me. Happy birthday Steve. [Note: Last three Photos Purloined from Facebook.]

Historic Beer Birthday: Greg Noonan

Today is the birthday of Greg Noonan (March 4, 1951-October 11, 2009) who founded the Vermont Pub & Brewery, one of the earliest microbreweries on the East Coast. Noonan was a pioneer and a big part of the early days, and had a wide influence on the growing brewing industry, winning awards and writing books. Unfortunately, in 2009, he discovered he had cancer, and passed away shortly thereafter.


Here’s Greg’s obituary from

Gregory John Noonan, 58, died at his home in Burlington on Sunday, Oct. 11, 2009, after a brief battle with cancer. Greg, the son of the late Edward J. Noonan Jr. and the late Dolores Donlin Noonan, was born in Springfield, Mass. on March 4, 1951. He graduated from Cathedral High School in Springfield and St. Anselm College in Manchester, N.H. and resided in Burlington since 1988. He leaves his brother Christopher Noonan, Acworth, N.H.; his sister and brother-in-law Martha and John Murtaugh, Manchester, Conn.; his sister and brother-in-law Regina and Joseph Hitchery, Niantic, Conn.; and his brother and sisterin-law Jerome and Maura Noonan, Longmeadow, Mass. He also leaves two stepchildren, and several nieces, nephews. Greg was the proprietor and co-founder of the Vermont Pub & Brewery in Burlington, the author of several books on brewing and a scholar of Irish antiquities. He was also well known in the U.S. brewing community as a judge and a winner of many brewing awards over the past twenty years.

And this was wrote at the time.

Noonan opened Vermont’s first brewpub in 1988 and two others after that but his influence was national. His 1986 book Brewing Lager Beer: The Most Comprehensive Book for Home- and Microbreweries became something of a guidebook for those opening small breweries in the 1980s and ’90s. He Later wrote Scotch Ale in 1990 and Seven Barrel Brewery Brewers’ Handbook: A Pragmatic Guide to Home Brewing in 1996, then updated Brewing Lager Beer in 2003.

Like many who would soon be commercial brewers Noonan started out making beer as a hobby at home. He was working as a manufacturing manager for paper and wood products companies in Massachusetts when news of microbreweries opening on the West Coast inspired him to go pro.

“I specifically sited my brewery in Burlington because it’s where I wanted to live. I admired the politics in Vermont,” he said. He spent three years lobbying the Vermont legislature to legalize brewpubs.

“That first year, it was a real sell,” he said 10 years after opening in the pub. “There was no built-in awareness of what a brewpub was. (Consumers) would look at you and think ‘You are a brewery, you must make Budweiser.’ There was no style awareness.”

His local impact was obvious. For instance, John Kimmich, who later started the award winning The Alchemist brewpub in nearby Waterbury, sought out Noonan to learn the trade. Kimmich waited tables and eventually became head brewer at Vermont Pub & Brewery.

“Greg is a major reason that The Alchemist is a success,” Kimmich says. “He’s been a wonderful mentor. He’s got the blending of the chemistry knowledge with the esoteric side of things.”

Like many other brewers, commercial and amateur, Kimmich said he still has a dog-eared copy of Brewing Lager Beer in his brewery. His book was the start of Brewers Publications, the publishing wing of the Brewers Association.

Greg Noonan and Steve Polewacyk
Greg with his business partner, who owns the Vermont Pub & Brewery today, taken in 2009, from the brewery’s 25th anniversary, as detailed by Seven Days in A 25th Anniversary for Vermont Pub & Brewery .

There’s also more information on Greg at Tap Dancing, Brewers Publication and also the Vermont Brewers Association has a tribute to him.


At the Vermont Pub & Brewery‘s website, they tell the history of the brewery.

Greg Noonan’s 1986 book, Brewing Lager Beer, helped break open the microbrewing industry in the United States, and in 1988, Noonan opened Vermont Pub & Brewery in Burlington.

Among beer connoisseurs, Burlington’s Greg Noonan is legendary. His books on brewing are considered mandatory reading for home- and microbrewers. Known for crafting unique, delicious beers, he also provided expert consultation on startup and design of pubs and breweries. Noonan founded Vermont Pub & Brewery, creating a region-wide landmark and helping stimulate the economic growth and expansion of Burlington’s downtown.

It’s hard to remember when “brewpub” was not part of the American lexicon, but only two decades ago, most Americans had not tasted beer made in small, independent brewery-taverns. Craft brewing today is a $3.8-billion-a-year industry, with more than 1,300 microbreweries and brewpubs operating in the United States, according to the Brewers Association. This industry boom is a happy surprise to Noonan, although his efforts were very influential in its occurrence. In 1986, Noonan published, Brewing Lager Beer: The Most Comprehensive Book for Home- and Microbreweries, which quickly became a classic reference for craft brewers nationwide.

“You’re not going to find a successful brewer in the country that doesn’t have a dog-eared copy of this book,” says John Kimmich,Noonan’s protégé and co-owner of The Alchemist Pub & Brewery in Waterbury. “It is the definitive book on brewing lager beer.” Noonan was brewing beer as a hobby while working as a manufacturing manager for paper and wood products companies in Massachusetts. Microbreweries were just becoming trendy on the West Coast, and he decided to pursue the commercial possibilities for his craft. He had managed restaurants in New Hampshire and Boston and wanted his own restaurant to feature his brew. He used the results of his research for Brewing Lager Beerto launch his brewpub in Burlington. “I specifically sited my brewery in Burlington because it’s where I wanted to live. I admired the politics in Vermont,” says Noonan. “I had $175,000, which is a shoestring budget in the brewing industry; brewing equipment is very expensive.” He applied to several banks for additional funds, but lenders were skeptical. “The banks all said, ‘What is a brewpub?’ But I plunged on anyway with the money I had.” As he prepared to open, Noonan received a visit from Polewacyk, a longtime friend from his St. Anselm College days in New Hampshire. Polewacyk worked as a database consultant in the New York City metropolitan area. “I came to help him open and gave him a couple weeks of my time, doing whatever needed to be done — bartending, construction, cleaning, setting up a computer system, writing checks, shoveling,” Polewacyk says. A few weeks turned into months, and then a career. “When I came up those first two weeks, I realized how chaotic it was. I computerized the operation and said I would stay for three months.” Three months became six, and Polewacyk earned just enough from bartending to cover his expenses. The following June, he decided to stay. “I remember the exact moment,” he says. “I was walking up Church Street. It was a beautiful day, and I was waving hi and talking with people I had met through working here. I knew a whole bunch of people. I said, ‘This is what it’s supposed to be about! Why would I want to go back to the rat race?’”

Polewacyk continued as the operations manager, overseeing auditing and accounting, earning his partnership through sweat equity. “He makes sure things happen the way they should,” says Noonan. “I tend to be more the idea person behind the scenes.” Vermont Pub & Brewery opened in November 1988 with just enough money to cover payroll. “It was an inauspicious beginning,” Noonan says. “We eked our way through the winter of ’88 to ’89, barely by our teeth, with no cash reserves.” It was not an efficient way to open, he admits, but he needed the cash flow. “We ran it mom-and-pop for the first five years or so, which means we were here all the time. We put in 80-plus-hour weeks,” says Noonan. “Sometimes we would sleep in the booths, then get up at 6 a.m. and start mopping the floors,” Polewacyk adds. Together, they built the business, and by 1990, they had enough cash flow to pay themselves salaries. “Sales have slowly improved every year,” says Polewacyk. Gradually, Vermont Pub & Brewery became a destination that helped expand Burlington’s downtown beyond Church Street and draw people toward the waterfront. “They moved into that space when Church Street was the only place to be, and people did not gravitate beyond it, ” says Ann Heath, property manager for Investors Corporation of Vermont, the pub’s landlord. “We had never heard of a microbrewery. It was different and innovative. They enticed people with the product. It expanded the scope and viability of the city,” she says. Lagers, wheat beers, Irish and Scotch ales, pale and bitter ales and seasonal beers are created in a 14-barrel, whole-grain brewery in the pub cellar using recipes developed by Noonan. The brewery also makes seltzer and root beer. All brews are unfiltered and contain no preservatives.

Vermont Pub & Brewery won its first gold medal in 1991 at the Great American Beer Festival, and it has received many awards since then. At the Great International Beer Competition in November 2006, on the eve of the pub’s 18th anniversary, Vermont Pub and Brewery Burly Irish Ale received a Gold Medal; Forbidden Fruit Framboise brought home silver; and Handsome Mick’s Smoked Stout won bronze. All three medal winners are regularly on tap at the pub. The food menu, which has changed little since the pub’s early days, includes home-style meatloaf, chili, gravy fries, grilled sandwiches, chocolate brownies and the classic bangers and mash, with sausages custom-made by a New Hampshire smokehouse. Shepherd’s pie is a top seller, Noonan says. “We wanted a populist menu,” says Noonan. “Every brewpub back then was doing new American cuisine. We wanted to prepare good, basic food at reasonable prices.”

“There’s plenty of fancy places to go to, but people like good home cooking at good value,” says kitchen manager Mike Trepanier, an eight-year employee. The restaurant strives to offer local foods while keeping prices low. Locally raised beef, baked goods, seasonal local produce and Vermont coffee grace the menu. It also features an array of Vermont cheeses, wines and cider. “We are the busiest restaurant in Burlington, without a doubt,” says Noonan. The restaurant seats 175, and Noonan estimates 350 to 400 people come through daily. “In summertime, we are full every single night,” he says. Even winter sales continue to climb, says Polewacyk, noting a 15 percent increase during January and February 2006. Noonan attributes the continued growth to a focus on happy staff. Employees receive bonuses based on several factors, including time and effort. “We give them incentives and try to treat them as the important people they are,” says Noonan. “They are happy and they pass that on to our customers.” The owners endeavor to be good corporate citizens by sponsoring community events and being environmentally responsible. In 2002, Vermont Pub & Brewery was honored by Chittenden Solid Waste District for recycling and waste reduction.

Noonan continues to build his own reputation among craft brewers. He is a well-known speaker at brewers’ conferences and author of numerous trade journal articles and books. He published Scotch Ale in 1990 and Seven Barrel Brewery Brewers’ Handbook: A Pragmatic Guide to Home Brewing in 1996. In 2003 he released The New Brewing Lager Beer. Taking his intimate knowledge of brewing and brewpub start-ups, Noonan opened pubs in multiple locations. In 1994 he launched Seven Barrel Brewery in West Lebanon, N.H., followed by the 1997 opening of Amherst Brewing Company in Amherst, Mass. Then he stepped away from those locations, although he still owns the one in Amherst. “I liked the excitement and challenge of opening; however I decided I was working myself out of the hands-on work and into a job I didn’t really want,” Noonan says. “Both are doing quite well without me.” John Kimmich sought out Noonan to learn the trade. Kimmich waited tables and eventually became head brewer at Vermont Pub & Brewery before leaving to open The Alchemist.

“Greg is a major reason that The Alchemist is a success,” Kimmich says. “He’s been a wonderful mentor. He’s got the blending of the chemistry knowledge with the esoteric side of things.”
Now that they don’t have to sleep in the booths and work 80-hour weeks, Noonan and Polewacyk can concentrate on outside interests. Noonan is researching another book on a completely different topic: Irish history. He stills enjoys brewing, and says his favorite beer is “the one in my hand.” Polewacyk spends free time with his pre-teen son, a budding musician.

The partners enjoy planning special events at the pub, highlighting Vermont products along with their beer. In January they hosted a Vermont cheese and beer tasting in partnership with Montserrat Almena of the Vermont Institute for Artisan Cheese. They host an annual Scottish night, featuring a selection of single malt Scotch whiskies. “We’re focused on doing what we do and trying to do it better,” says Noonan. “I’m very proud of Vermont Pub & Brewery and the care the people who work here have for our customers. The customers are the important part.”

“Of all the lines of work you can be in, this one is very rewarding because it’s geared toward helping other people have a good time,” agrees Polewacyk. “There are no tricks, no hidden costs. Our job is to make sure people have a good time when they come in here, and that’s it.”


A fun quote by Noonan, though the full quote is:

“When the homebrewers stop entering the profession, and the backyard breweries are squeezed out, then it will become stagnant. You gotta keep getting the guys who say, ‘Cool, I can sell the beer I make. I can do it.’ ”

Vermont Beer

Today in 1791, Vermont became the 14th state.


Vermont Breweries

Vermont Brewery Guides

Guild: Vermont Brewers Association

State Agency: Vermont Department of Liquor Control


  • Capital: Montpelier
  • Largest Cities: Burlington, Essex, Rutland, Colchester, South Burlington
  • Population: 608,827; 49th
  • Area: 9615 sq.mi., 45th
  • Nickname: Green Mountain State
  • Statehood: 14th, March 4, 1791


  • Alcohol Legalized: January 1, 1934
  • Number of Breweries: 20
  • Rank: 26th
  • Beer Production: 479,810
  • Production Rank: 48th
  • Beer Per Capita: 23.9 Gallons


Package Mix:

  • Bottles: 41.5%
  • Cans: 49.2%
  • Kegs: 9.3%

Beer Taxes 6% and below:

  • Per Gallon: $0.27
  • Per Case: $0.60
  • Tax Per Barrel (24/12 Case): $8.22
  • Draught Tax Per Barrel (in Kegs): $8.22

Beer Taxes above 6%:

  • Per Gallon: $0.55
  • Per Case: $1.24
  • Tax Per Barrel (24/12 Case): $17.05
  • Draught Tax Per Barrel (in Kegs): $17.05

Economic Impact (2010):

  • From Brewing: $96,367,211
  • Direct Impact: $229,529,964
  • Supplier Impact: $140,810,643
  • Induced Economic Impact: $92,151,994
  • Total Impact: $462,492,601

Legal Restrictions:

  • Control State: No
  • Sale Hours: On Premises: 8 a.m.–2 a.m.
    Off Premises: 6 a.m.–midnight
  • Grocery Store Sales: Yes
  • Notes: Licensed supermarkets, convenience stores, and gas stations may sell beer and wine. ABV >14% wine and spirits sold in state stores. Off-premises sales no later than 12 a.m. Numerous dry counties exist.


Data complied, in part, from the Beer Institute’s Brewer’s Almanac 2010, Beer Serves America, the Brewers Association, Wikipedia and my World Factbook. If you see I’m missing a brewery link, please be so kind as to drop me a note or simply comment on this post. Thanks.

For the remaining states, see Brewing Links: United States.

Vermont Consolidation: Long Trail Buying Otter Creek/Wolaver’s

In case you missed it, yesterday my friend and colleague Andy Crouch dropped the bombshell that Long Trail Brewing of Bridgewater Corners, Vermont was in the early stages of purchasing Otter Creek / Wolaver’s Brewing, also located in Vermont. Not that I doubted him, but I was able to confirm the news through a well-placed anonymous source. Apparently it’s too soon for an official announcement and the story leaked (not by Andy, I should stress) so I was unable to get any additional details. I tried to reach owner Morgan Wolaver, but so far I haven’t heard back from him. I’ll update the story when I can. For now, you can read the full story at Andy’s Beer Scribe.

Craft Beer Pioneer Greg Noonan Passes Away

Greg Noonan, the craft beer pioneer who founded the Vermont Pub & Brewery in 1988 passed away October 11. He died in his sleep Sunday night. He was only 58 years old. His brewery was one of the first on the east coast, New England and, naturally, Burlington, Vermont. He’s not as well known for his contributions to the industry as he probably should be.

There’s a nice obituary by Guillermo Woolfolk, who’s the Birmingham Craft Beer Examiner.

He will be missed. Raise a toast to his memory.